South Indian Music And Carnatic music Some Information
South India constitute a geographical land measure as large as that of Western Europe where 4th main languages (Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam) are pronounced. though there are two headquarters (Madras, now known as Chennai, and Bangalore), and some other momentous city, most people still live in the villages and small town.
History of South Indian Music
Indian music has emerged from prehistoric ancient times. Art or concert music in Karnâtaka Sangîtam (Carnatic music ), Its history gains diaphane contour to Renaissance period which, into South India, come in the center Vijayanagar empire (1336-1565).
Purandara Dasa (1484 – 1564), a famous poet, mystic, and composer, taught Carnatic music in a systematical method. His teaching method (Aapika Ganaam) consists of a hierarchy course comprising some elementary lessons (Alamadra) and small educational and sacred songs. This method is still followed and provides a general breakdown for all the Carnatic musicians.
The 16th Century music composer Ramamatya in the Vijayanagar, South Indian music has laid the foundation for the current theoretical framework. Since the 17th century, 72 major layers (mela) supply basic flavor elements.
In the 18th and the nineteenth century, the important Kriti form of the song was revised by the great composer Tyâgaraja (1767-1847). It consists of three melodic themes, based on one or several lines of the lyrics, and their variations (sang at). Several constructive works enrich the concert continuity, which is present in the present century by (kacheri paddhati)
The musicians are traditionally given the training of a teacher (guru) family (kulam), in this method called gurukulavasam. Kalakshetra Foundation in Chennai is the proving arts college that pioneered classes with this private touch and involvement in all aspects of education Indian.In the same time, dance, music and fine arts course provide students with government recognized qualifications an artist in command since succeed in the modern world.
South Indian Society Music Role
Western classification is not helpful as “classical” and “folk music” in the context of Indian songs, Because traditional and modern, numeric (mârga) and regional (dêshi) styles are often mixed to improve theirs mental relativity.
Religion is an integral part of daily life in India people and therefore most Indian music is also regarded as being holy. For most Indians, music is a way to disturb everyday concerns, a form of entertainment among others, though the media (Film, radio, television) have changed popular tastes and founded many external and modern elements. Carnatic music in remained confidently South Indian in character and mood.
The idea of an individual and permanent artistic is still not very important in India. Perhaps it does not relate to prevailing philosophy about the nature of the Creation and people role in the scheme of evolution. More important, therefore, than the reproduction of a finished work is the reason of stylistic principle underlying traditional music.
South India’s repertoire and style
Indian musicians never rely on musical scores. In Carnatic music, compose (kalpita sangîta) and improvisation (manôdharma sangîta) play an equally great role. Thousands of “music” have been handed down from generation to generation in oral heritage (sampradâya) or are being composed in our time’s. There is no separate repertoire for vocalists and instrumentalists. Improvisation such as the commentary of a raga (râga âlâpana) and variations of a theme (e.g. kalpana svara, niraval) are so carefully intricate with a composition that the resulting effect is one of a completed musical unity. For a callow listener, it is therefore hard to identify the beginning and end of an improvisation
Several important features are of greatest importance for maintains the stylistic fidelity of any particular tradition of classical music (bâni). For instance, Shruti denotes microtones based on the seven basic notes (sapta svara) and their twelve semitonal variant (svarasthâna)
South India’s Ornamentation
Decoration (gamaka) play a great role in the translation of scale patterns (ârôhana-avarôhana), characteristic language (prayôga) and extraordinary language (visêsha sancâra). In other words, a gamaka constitutes more than unrestricted embellishment as it is the key to the unconnected character of a râga (râga rûpa). Intermediary noted (anusvara) have the purpose of lending continuity to all music. Subtleties of this good cannot be attenuate to writing but need to be included through long exposure to good music and years of practice under the guidance of expert musicians
There are hundreds of smell structures (râga) and numerous rhythms (tâla). Each musician extends with the help of a specialty expert and senior colleagues from his teacher in succession. Different regional styles of South Indian music existed in the past but have largely been merged with Carnatic music in the wake of the introduction of cinema and broadcasting.
Sôpânam is still heard in the temple rituals of Kerala and plays the main role in the dance play known as Kathakali. Kerala is also famous for its great variety of percussion instruments, particularly the Pancha Vâdya (“five types of device”) ensemble, and for the extraordinary complexity of the rhythmic model (tâla) appointed.